Ummah Global Relief

Ummah Global Relief “The term “sabil Allah” associated with spending”

Ummah Global Relief: The term “sabil Allah,” when associated in the Qur’an with spending, is used in two ways:  
1. The general meaning, derived from the original linguistic one, covers all virtues and good deeds, as in the verses, “The parable of those who spend their substance in the way of God is that of a grain of corn: it groweth seven ears, and each ear hath a hundred grains. God giveth manifold increase to whom He pleases,” “Those who spend their substance in the cause of God, and follow not up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury, their reward is with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” No one can claim that “sabil Allah” is restricted to fighting for God’s cause in these verses. Condescension and insult to the recipient mentioned in the verse can only be done toward the poor and needy. “Sabil Allah” has a broad meaning in the

Fiqh al Zakah (Vol. II), Dr. Yusuf al Qardawi – Ummah Global Relief

Ummah Global Relief
Ummah Global Relief

verse, “and those who hoard in treasures gold and silver, and spend it not in the way of God, promise them severe punishment,” as stated by Ibn Hajar, and is not restricted to fighting. Otherwise, giving wealth to the poor, needy, and wayfarer would be a form of hoarding.37 Some contemporary writers claim that “sabil Allah,” when associated with spending, is restricted to fighting,38 but such a claim is unsupported by evidence.  2. The second meaning restricts “sabil Allah” to supporting the religion of God, fighting its enemies, and raising high the word of God on earth. The context within which the term is used determines whether it refers to the broad or restricted meaning. When the term is used in association with the idea of fighting for God’s sake, it must also mean spending for His cause, as in, “And spend of your substance in the way of God and make not your own hands contribute to your destruction,”39 “Spending” here refers to rasing high the word of God by fighting the enemies of Islam, because fighting in the way of God is mentioned in the verse before it. Other examples are the verses, “And what cause have ye why ye should not spend in the way of God? for to God belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. Not equal among you are those who spent (freely) and fought before the victory (with those who did so later); those are higher in rank than those who spent (freely) and fought afterward, but to all God has promised a goodly (reward),”40 and “against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies of God and your enemies and others besides , whom ye may not know. Whatever ye shall spend in the cause of God shall be repaid unto you and ye shall not be treated unjustly.”41   
It is obvious that.”in the way of God” refers to fighting the enemies of God, as elucidated by the correct saying, “He who fights to make the word of God supreme is fighting for the sake of God”.42 This specific meaning is what is usually called jihad, but it must be noted that support of the cause of God includes more than fighting, especially when the term used is “make jihad in the way of God.” 

Ummah Global Relief

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